Introduction to Naval Architecture



On completion of the training program, the student will be awarded:

→ A Certificate of Introduction to Naval Architecture, issued by Bureau Veritas Solutions Marine & Offshore.

The Certificate of Introduction to Naval Architecture, is obtained after completing the course and passing the online test.


This training course provides a general introduction to Naval Architecture, the art and science of building ships.

Whom the course is for

The course Introduction to Naval Architecture is aimed at anyone interested in understanding the general principles of Naval Architecture. This may include Ship Managers, Technical Superintendents, Ship Masters, Officers and Seafarers; Shipyards Technical Staff; Surveyors; P&I and/or Insurance Inspectors; Marine Engineers; Etc.


On completion of the training, students will be able to:

  • Understand the ship design process and the main terms and definitions used, including the lines plan, the form coefficients used in ship design, and the area and volume properties.
  • Know the basic concepts of intact and damage stability.
  • Get familiar with the main aspects of marine hydrodynamics acting on ship resistance, propulsion and seakeeping.
  • Understand the basic principles of ship structures, structural design, scantling determination and typical structural arrangements of different ship types.
  • Know the most common failure modes and structural defects.
  • Get familiar with shipbuilding technology processes, materials used and shipyard layout.

Course Contents

Module 1 – Ship Geometry

  • Ship types
  • Ship design process
  • Terms and definitions
  • The lines plan
  • Form coefficients
  • Area and volume properties: centre of gravity and centre of buoyancy, displacement, curves of sectional area, Bonjean curves, curves of form
  • Principles of numerical integration and its application

Module 2 – Ship Stability and Trim

  • Definitions and main principles
  • Centre of gravity (G), a centre of buoyancy (B) and metacentre (M)
  • Characteristics of GM
  • Metacentric diagram and metacentric radius
  • Intact stability: the external couple, the internal couple, the righting moment
  • Characteristics of GZ, intact stability curve, angle of loll
  • Cross curves of stability
  • Inclining experiment
  • Longitudinal stability
  • Free surface effect
  • Docking
  • Dynamic stability
  • Intact stability criteria

Module 3 – Damage Stability

  • Damage stability calculation methods
  • Watertight subdivision
  • Effects of flooding
  • Deterministic methods: added mass method, lost buoyancy method, floodable length method, permeability
  • Damage stability criteria
  • Probabilistic method: theoretical foundations, main principles, damage statistics, probability of survival, new probabilistic regulations

Module 4 – Load Lines

  • History of load lines
  • Definitions
  • Freeboard calculations, tabular freeboard
  • Load line marks
  • Conditions of assignment: strength and stability requirements; the position of hatchways, doorways and ventilators; doorways, hatchways and miscellaneous openings

Module 5 – Ship Resistance, Propulsion and Seakeeping

  • Ship resistance: Froude number, coefficient of resistance, fouling, evaluation methods and model tests
  • Ship propulsion: propulsion efficiency, propeller characteristics and design
  • Seakeeping: ship motions, hydro-structure interactions, slamming, green water effect, sloshing, parametric rolling, ice loads, seakeeping tests, passive and active systems

Module 6 – Introduction to Ship Structures

  • Definitions
  • Structural units and structural members: bottom structure, side shell, decks, bulkheads, superstructure, primary and secondary structural members
  • Structural connections: brackets, collar plates, pillars
  • Scantling calculation parameters
  • Framing systems

Module 7 – Structural Arrangement of Different Ship Types

  • Dry cargo ships: general cargo ships, bulk carriers, container ships
  • Tankers: oil tankers, chemical tankers, gas carriers
  • Specialized ships: passenger ships, ro-ro cargo ships, high-speed crafts, dredgers, heavy lifters, supply vessels and tugs

Module 8 – Structural Design, Analysis and Classification Rules

  • Structural design: safety factor, structural reliability
  • Loads and load effects: sea pressure, static and dynamic contribution, global bending moment and shear force, global torsion moment, bow impact and bottom slamming pressure, local bending moment and shear force
  • Structural response: hull structure response
  • Hierarchy of hull structure: plates, stiffeners, bottom transverse, floors, girders, hull girder
  • Strength analysis: simple beam properties, stress levels, stress calculation, primary, secondary and tertiary levels response, finite element analysis
  • Classification rules, longitudinal strength criteria

Module 9 – Failure Modes and Structural Defects

  • Basic types of structural failure: large local plasticity, instability (buckling), fracture
  • Structural defects: corrosion, misalignments, structural details, shape, deformations, stress concentration, structural continuity, cracks

Module 10 – Introduction to Shipbuilding

  • Shipbuilding materials
  • Shipyard layout
  • Ship production process
  • Shipbuilding technology: treatment, preparation, assembly, outfitting